Siem Reap is a province bordering to Tonle Sap Lake in the northwestern part of Cambodia and is one of the most potential tourism destinations in the country and abroad. It is a major tourism industry center because the area is popular destination to the world famous temple of Angkor Wat. The province has a town called Siem Reap and its symbol the Neak Pean Roundabout. Siem Reap is now a modern city because of the increasing number of hotels, restaurants, shops, supermarkets…etc.
In the past, the province was under colonial rule from many foreigners, so that the province is well known for many foreigners, but there are also many tourists who wonder why has the Khmer ancestor named this province "Siem Reap"? The reason is that the area of Angkor was invaded by the Siamese, and then the Khmer armies of King Ponhea Angchann or Emperor succeeded in the Siamese army who had completely invaded the Angkorian Empire, which had demolished the Siamese armies as the level of land, the ancestors of the Khmer named the province as Siem Reap. In addition, historians have similarly stated that the word Siem is related to a country that is now translated into Thai as the word crush means lose.
Siem Reap Province has its borders next to Banteay Meanchey in the West, to the east by Kampong Thom Province with Preah Vihear Province, North by Province Oddar Meanchey with Preah Vihear province, and to the south to Battambang with Tonle Sap. The province is approximately 316km from Phnom Penh, from the Neak Pean roundabout (Siem Reap) to Wat Phnom (Phnom Penh).
The province has potential for agricultural and tourism industries. People in the region living mainly on agriculture, which is the main source of their livelihood. The tourism sector in Siem Reap is a very famous place for all visitors, especially international tourists, because the province has many attractive and interesting places, especially with the great temples left behind by the Khmer ancestors.
As for types of tourism, the province includes: natural, cultural and recreational tourism. However, cultural tourism is the most popular in the area, because the province is rich in cultural heritage with many ancient temples, temples in mountains, historical sites and also the largest temple province in Cambodia. As for the natural tourism areas include: mountains, waterfall, national park, river, and natural landscape, which are popular to all kinds of tourists. Otherwise, the recreational tourism area of the resort includes: Arc de Triomphe, Recreation Resort next to riverside, dams, which most are all set to meet the needs of leisure travels.The recreational tourism site in the province including – Royal Archery Club Cambodia, Soun Tunsay, Phnom Krom Eco Resort, Cambodian Cultural Village, Troav Kot, Kompong Phluk Siem Reap, Tomnob Makak, Mlob Baitong, Phum Baitang Resort, Harmony My Home, Butterfly Paradise, Green Empire Resort, Palm Village Resort and Spa, Sabara Angkor Resort & Spa, Roluos Borann, Phum Sla Resort, Green House Homestay, Happy Garden Restaurant, Garden Water Park Siem Reap, Phum Bongkong Neak, Our Ecotourism Site, Cambo Beach Club, Soun Oun Soben Troav Kot, Bunwin Boutique Hotel, City Garden Troav Kot, Angkor Village Hotel, Asarita Angkor Resort and Spa.
As for the natural tourism site has – Kulen Mountain, Kbal Spean Waterfall, Peung Tanon Mountain, Phnom Bakheng Temple, Phnom Bok Temple, Phnom Krom Temple, Srah Doun Riek, Baray Teuk Thla, Our Ecotourism Site, Boeng Pearaing.
And the cultural tourism site including – Angkor Wat Temple, Kulen Mountain, Boeng Mealea Temple, Banteay Srei Temple, Prasat Prei Monti, Bakong Temples, Preah Ko Temple(Siem Reap), Totung Thngai Temple, Trapeang Phong Temple, Chaw Srei Vibol Temple, Angkor Thom Temple, Bayon Temple, Chau Say Tevoda Temple, Ta Prohm Temple Siem Reap, Banteay Kdei Temple, Bat Chum Temple, Bre Roub Temple, Kutisvara Temple, Kravan Temple, Ta Nei Temple, Preah Khan Temple, Prei Temple, Banteay Prei Temple, Banteay Thom Temple, Chan Ta Oun Temple, Ta Prohm Kel Temple, Baksei Chamkrong Temple, Bei Temple, Phnom Bakheng Temple, Neak Pean Temple, Krol Ko Temple, Ta Som Temple, Preah Palilay Temple, Ta Keo Temple, Banteay Samre Temple, Phnom Bok Temple, Ak Yum Temple, Cambodian Cultural Village, Phnom Krom Temple, Baphuon Temple, Phimeanakas Temple, Eastern Mebon Temple, Kompong Phluk Siem Reap, Angkor National Museum, ArtBox Museum.